PEI’s first Acadian school was established in Rustico in 1815. During the first half of the 20th century, French Acadian schools were present throughout the province. At one time there were some 60 French language schools on the Island.

During the 1950’s, 60’s, and 70’s, the consolidation of the school system led to a decrease in the number of Island French and English schools. The only French schools that survived this reform were located in the Evangeline area, and they were placed under the responsibility of a French school board.

Towards the end of the 1970’s, l’École Évangéline was the only French language school on P.E.I. It was not until 1980 that another French school, l’École François-Buote, opened its doors, this time in Charlottetown.

On July 1st, 1990, the PEI Government officially gave the French Language School Board the responsibility of administering and promoting French education throughout the province.

Following Canada’s Supreme Court decision in January 2000, parents in the Summerside-Miscouche area were granted the right to have a school in their own community.

In September 2000, the French School Board, known as la Commission scolaire de langue française de l’Île-du-Prince-Édouard, opened new schools in the Summerside-Miscouche, West Prince, and Rustico areas.

In Septembre 2003, a new French language school opened its doors in Souris.